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Why do toenails grow thick and how to prevent it?

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Presse Santé

Thick nails can affect not only fingernails but also toenails. Affected nails may be unsightly or cause discomfort. If left untreated, thick nails can get worse and cause pain. There are many potential causes of thick nails. By understanding these causes, a person can prevent thick nails from forming and quickly treat them if they develop.

Fungal infection is a common cause of thick nails. If your nails unexpectedly change in thickness, color, or texture, it’s important to see a doctor to rule out any underlying conditions. Treatment depends on the severity of the nail changes and the underlying cause. People can often prevent thick nails by avoiding infections and irritants, and by keeping their nails dry. This article examines the causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment options for thick fingernails and toenails.

Overview

Fingernails and toenails act as a strong barrier between the soft tissue of the nail bed below them and the environment beyond. Fingernails are useful for everyday tasks, like scratching an itch. They are also involved in the sensory functions of the fingers, providing a strong contrast to the softer skin of the fingertip. With age, the nails can begin to deteriorate or develop a disease that leads to the formation of thick nails. Although there are many potential causes of thick toenails, a fungal infection is the most likely cause of thick toenails.
Other pathologies, such as psoriasis or diabetes, can also be the cause of the formation of thick nails. The exact cause of thick nails will decide what treatment to follow to correct this condition.

symptoms and appearance

At first, thick nails may go unnoticed. However, as your nails become noticeably thicker, you may notice a number of symptoms, including:

weak nails that break easily
a bad smell emanating from the nail
nails lift easily from the nail bed or do not appear to be fully attached to the nail bed
it is difficult to cut or trim them
the nail splits or cracks easily
dirt or other debris gets under the nails
pain or discomfort

As the toenails thicken, they may appear rough, wrinkled, or scaly on the surface. Nails can also take on a yellow, green, or brown hue.

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Causes and risk factors

There are several reasons why the nails can thicken. Most of them are related to infections or other medical problems related to thickened nails.

Some of the most common causes are listed below:

– Fungal and yeast infections

Fungal and yeast infections mainly affect the toenails more than the fingernails. A type of fungal infection called onychomycosis is one of the most common causes of thick nails. Fungal infections often develop on the toenails because they thrive in warm, humid environments. They spread easily and can grow rapidly, causing many of the symptoms described above. Some people are more prone to yeast infections than others. Here are some of the main causes of toenail fungus infections:

constant exposure to wet areas
smoking
binding shoes
damage to the nail or the side of the nail

Additionally, certain health conditions can increase the risk of fungal nail infections, such as:

athlete’s foot
psoriasis
diabetes
immunodeficiencies
circulatory problems

To prevent fungal infections, avoid walking barefoot in public places, especially locker rooms and showers. It is also important to keep the shoes dry.
Doctors generally don’t consider fungal nail infections to be serious. These infections can often get better with treatment. It is not always possible for the nail to completely recover its previous appearance. But treating the fungal infection can help the person reduce their discomfort and improve the appearance of the nail.

– Wound

Toenails can thicken as a result of sudden or repeated trauma or injury. It happens more often in people who play sports or exercise, such as soccer players, runners, and dancers. It can also affect people who wear ill-fitting shoes. Thick nails due to injury are often mistaken for fungal infections.
Seeing a doctor for a nail injury can help the nail grow back more normally. If treatment is effective, improvement is likely to be slow. It takes months for new nail growth to completely replace the length of the nail.

– Yellow nail syndrome

This less common cause of thick nails affects both fingernails and toenails. The nails turn yellow, curved and thickened. A person with yellow nail syndrome often has trouble breathing and swelling in the arms and legs. This is due to a buildup of fluid around the lungs and in the extremities. Although doctors don’t know the exact cause of yellow nail syndrome, some believe there may be a genetic link. This condition may also be associated with certain types of cancer and immune disorders. There is currently no treatment for yellow nail syndrome, and treatments for affected nails have limited effectiveness.

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– Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that typically causes red, scaly patches on the skin. Nail psoriasis often accompanies this disease and affects both fingernails and toenails. In addition to thickening, psoriasis can also cause nail changes, such as

discoloration
detachment of the nail bed
bites
People with nail psoriasis may experience symptoms that come and go intermittently. Treatment can reduce inflammation and improve nail condition over time, but healing is often a slow process.

– Paronychia

Paronychia is an inflammation that causes redness and swelling of the skin around the nail. Inflammation of the nail area over a long period of time is called chronic paronychia. It can be caused by infections or exposure to irritants, such as cleaning solutions. Over time, fingernails and toenails can become thick. A person may notice that the layers of the nail begin to peel off. People can develop paronychia from frequent thumb sucking, washing dishes, and excessive trimming of their nails or cuticles.

Several professions are also at higher risk of developing thick nails due to paronychia. These jobs are:

the waiters
the washers
the cleaners
chefs
nurses
fishermen

The condition usually affects multiple fingers or toes. Chronic paronychia can be managed by:

avoiding contact with irritants
treat inflammation
allowing the nail’s natural barrier to heal over time.

– Aging

Often with age, the toenails begin to thicken. Although this condition is most common in the toenails, it is also possible for the fingernails to thicken.
Health professionals believe that nails thicken with age due to changes in blood circulation or prolonged exposure to UV rays. Thick nails and bumps that form on the nail due to aging are not treatable. However, they can be lightly polished by a person to smooth out their appearance.

other causes

Rare causes of thickened nails include the following:

pachyonychia congenita, a rare genetic disease
pityriasis rubra pilaris, a rare group of inflammatory skin conditions
severe scabies infection.

complications

Thick nails are often a symptom of another infection or disorder. In most cases, thick nails are unlikely to cause further complications. But if left untreated, they can worsen, cause pain, and make wearing shoes uncomfortable. Very thick nails can lead to loss of manual dexterity. Seeking a medical diagnosis for thick toenails can help prevent other complications that may arise. For example, a person may need treatment for an underlying condition that affects nail health, such as diabetes.

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Prevention

It is possible to prevent some causes of thick nails. Thick nails are less likely to form if hands and feet are kept clean and dry, and nails are trimmed. Nail infections can enter the nail through cuts or cracks in the surrounding skin. People can avoid some nail infections by keeping their hands and feet hydrated to prevent cracking and by treating cuts or other skin problems.

To avoid thick nails, a person should avoid the following situations:

work in humid environments without gloves
share nail clippers
share towels
walking barefoot in public places such as gym locker rooms or showers.
People should always wear gloves when working in a wet area.

Here are more prevention tips.

wear shoes that fit well

keep socks and shoes dry

Treatment

Thick nails do not always require treatment. In cases where aging causes the nails to thicken, treatment will likely be as simple as buffing the rough surfaces to make them smooth. In other cases, a doctor will need to prescribe a treatment. The goal may be to improve the condition of the nail or prevent it from getting worse.

Treatment options for thick nails include

prescription creams or ointments
oral medications
laser therapy or light therapy
injections
Surgery to remove the nail and allow it to grow back.
The doctor will choose the appropriate treatments based on the cause of the thickening of the nails.

panorama

In some cases, the cause of thick nails can be benign, such as aging. In other cases, the person will need treatment to treat the underlying condition. Thick nails can sometimes be a sign of other health problems. It is important to seek medical advice and treatment when thickening or discoloration of the nails is observed. If left untreated, thick nails can get worse over time. By avoiding irritation and infection of the nail area, a person can often prevent thickening of the nails.

* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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Well Being

All you need to know !

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Presse Santé

Plantar warts are caused by a virus and can be incredibly painful. Although these unsightly growths can take a while to go away, there are preventative measures you can take to reduce your chances of developing them, as well as treatments to get rid of them once they appear. This article will cover the causes and symptoms of plantar warts, the treatment options available, and prevention tips everyone should follow!

Plantar wart: Quesaco?

A plantar wart is a type of wart that grows on the bottom or ball of the foot. It usually presents as small raised bumps that are often painful when pressure is applied to them, such as when walking or standing. Some people may also experience itching, burning, and/or tenderness around the wart.

The bumps may have blackheads, which are actually small blood vessels. Plantar warts can be solitary or in groups and can appear anywhere on the foot, but are most commonly found on weight-bearing areas such as the heel and ball of the foot.

Where do they come from?

Plantar warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a group of more than 150 related viruses. Certain types of HPV cause warts on different parts of the body, including the hands, feet, and genitals. Other types are associated with cancers of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, and anus.

The HPV virus is transmitted by direct contact with an infected person or object. For many people, contact with public surfaces like swimming pools, locker rooms, and showers can be an easy way to contract HPV and develop a plantar wart. Other factors can increase the risk of developing a plantar wart, such as having minor lesions on the skin or nails, walking barefoot in damp public places, weakened immunity from health conditions such as diabetes, and having had another type of wart before.

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How to recognize them?

To help you recognize if you have a plantar wart, look for areas of hard skin on your feet that feel lumpy or spongy when you press on them. On closer inspection, these lesions may show small black dots on their surface, caused by clotted blood vessels. You may also experience some pain when standing or walking due to the inflammation surrounding the presence of the wart.

In some cases, there may also be redness or discoloration around the area. It’s important to note that other types of foot lesions, such as corns or corns, can resemble plantar warts. Therefore, it is important to have them examined by a medical professional before trying any home remedies or self-treatment methods.

How to prevent them?

Plantar warts can be prevented by taking specific precautions when walking barefoot. As far as possible :

  • Avoid going barefoot in public places like swimming pools, locker rooms, and saunas.
  • Always wear a pair of shower shoes or sandals in these areas to protect your feet from any possible sources of infection.
  • Be sure to keep your feet clean and dry at all times.
  • Wash them daily with soap and water and make sure they are completely dry before putting on socks or shoes.

It’s important to regularly inspect your feet for signs of plantar warts or other foot problems so you can quickly treat them if needed.

In addition to following good hygiene practices, vaccinations can also help prevent plantar warts.

HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccines have been shown to reduce the risk of developing certain types of warts, including plantar warts. Therefore, people should talk to their health care provider about getting the HPV vaccine if it is recommended.

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And if you have any, limit the spread.

Finally, another way to prevent plantar warts is not to scratch existing ones on your feet or hands, as this can spread the virus from one area of ​​the body to another and increase the risk of developing more warts than before. It is also important to wear gloves when coming into contact with another person’s wart, so as not to transmit the virus by direct contact with the skin of an infected person.

In general, adopting good hygiene habits, avoiding public places without wearing protective footwear and, if possible, getting vaccinated are essential measures to protect against plantar warts.

What are the treatment options?

Topical medications:

Topical medications often contain salicylic acid or other agents that help soften the wart so your doctor can scrape it off. Salicylic acid is available without a prescription; however, if you are treating a large area with multiple warts, you may need to ask your doctor to prescribe a stronger medication.

Freezing:

Liquid nitrogen freezing treatments (cryotherapy) can also be used to destroy warts and are usually done in a doctor’s office every few weeks until the wart is gone.

To be:

Lasers can also be used to treat plantar warts and this procedure is often done by a dermatologist who specializes in laser therapy. Laser treatments can target specific areas with greater precision while causing minimal damage to surrounding skin tissue.

Surgery :

Surgery is another option, but it should generally only be considered when other methods have failed or when there are several large, deep warts that cannot be treated with other types of treatments. The main goal of any surgery is to remove all visible parts of the wart and prevent its recurrence.

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Combination therapy:

Finally, a combined approach may involve the use of two or more different treatment methods together, such as freezing followed by the application of topical medication or vice versa. These combination therapies may offer better results than individual approaches due to the greater efficacy and duration of suppression of potential recurrences associated with each individual treatment option.

* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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Well Being

A centenarian impresses us with her wrinkle-free skin and reveals her beauty secret

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Presse Santé

At the age of 100, the unknown has seen it all: two world wars and many social changes, but her essence remains an eternal flower. Despite his advanced age and years spent in the sun, he retains an unchanging beauty that is remarkable to discover. She’s not ready to let wrinkles interfere with her zest for life; That’s why this centenarian proudly shares her daily beauty routine, carefully crafted through trial and error over time, from effective home remedies to skincare products suitable for mature skin. Read on if you’re curious about what contributes to the success of this woman’s anti-aging approach!

This video on TikTok has garnered 3 million views.

The fitness influencer julia ritz He made quite an impression on TikTok with his now-viral video posted last October where he gave the floor to his grandmother. Her 100-year-old grandmother’s secret to looking so young and beautiful is a simple and inexpensive skincare routine made with just two ingredients that she reveals step by step. It comes as no surprise to her that the video has been viewed over 3 million times, leading many to believe that her beauty secrets are worth hearing from her. What is most interesting to netizens is not only the fact that Julia and her grandmother’s advice is practical, but also that it is easily accessible to anyone who wants skin advice from a centenarian.

A single-ingredient mask + a natural toner + a gentle massage = an anti-aging trio for pennies.

Julia Ritz shows in the video the application of her grandmother’s beauty ritual step by step: First start by washing your face. Once her skin is clean, she sprays on rose water and lets it dry naturally.

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Then the honey is applied as a nourishing mask. A simple yet effective product that is packed with antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. She applies it in a thin layer to her face before beginning to massage her skin from bottom to top.

Using gentle pressure and patting motions, Julia massages her face until all areas are covered. This improves blood circulation and reduces wrinkles thanks to better skin elasticity, according to her grandmother. While the mask is in place, she should let it rest for half an hour (or 20 minutes maximum if she’s in a hurry).

Finally, finish this beauty ritual by applying a moisturizer that helps lock in moisture and provides an extra layer of protection against environmental damage.

Thanks to her simple but effective beauty ritual, Julia has skin that is more radiant and smoother than ever! Like her grandmother!

Rose water, 100% honey mask and massage: what will we get?

All of these ingredients have various benefits for the skin. Rose water is a natural cleanser that helps reduce swelling and redness on the skin, while also having anti-inflammatory properties. It can help soothe irritation, balance the skin’s pH, prevent wrinkles and dark spots, and even reduce acne breakouts.

Honey is known for its antibacterial properties that help fight blemishes, while it’s also loaded with antioxidants that help protect skin from environmental stressors like pollution or sun damage. Honey can also help to naturally soften and hydrate the skin without clogging the pores or making it oily.

Finally, massaging the face is an effective way to stimulate circulation to the skin, making it look healthier and more luminous. Massages are also known to reduce puffiness around the eyes, while providing a feeling of relaxation thanks to its anti-stress effects. All of these treatments combined can be an effective way to keep your skin healthy and fresh! Your turn now!!

* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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Well Being

6 innovative ideas for your eye health

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Presse Santé

From games to more hands-on methods, medicine and technology have made inroads into the world of eye care. Whether you have vision problems or are simply trying to stay ahead of your eye health, there are many ways to proactively improve your vision with today’s cutting-edge innovations. In this article, we’ll explore six innovative ways to improve your eyesight. Keep reading!

  1. Pink glasses for migraine:

This innovative method to help reduce the effects of migraines is a revolutionary avenue for those who suffer from ophthalmic migraines and photophobia. For those feeling the debilitating effects of migraines and vision problems, the promise of light rose-tinted glasses that help neutralize bright lights that can trigger migraine episodes can provide much-needed relief.

Getting these special glasses is also easier: you just have to ask your optician for them. There are pre-assembled mounts available, or you can use clips to fit onto your existing mounts. No prescription needed! However, it is recommended to speak to an ophthalmologist before using them to make sure they are right for you.

  1. Blue light blocking glasses:

These glasses help protect your eyes from harmful blue light emitted by digital screens like phones and computers. This type of artificial light has been linked to poor sleep quality, headaches, and general fatigue due to its ability to suppress melatonin secretion in the body. A hormone responsible for regulating our sleep and wake cycles.

Blue light blocking glasses block some of this high-energy visible light before it reaches the eyes, providing relief for those suffering from symptoms caused by overexposure to artificial blue light.

  1. Therapeutic video games:

Games specifically designed to improve vision are becoming increasingly popular with people of all ages, including children whose vision may deteriorate due to nearsightedness or other conditions. These games take the form of visual tests that test players’ acuity by asking them to identify different shapes and colors on the screen at different levels of difficulty. This type of game has been shown to help strengthen visual processing skills while providing entertainment!

  1. Stellest Glasses:

Essilor® Stellest lenses are the latest achievement in innovative eyewear technology. These lenses have been designed to slow the progression of myopia in children when worn constantly for 12 hours a day. What’s even more remarkable is that compared to standard lenses available on the market today, Stellest lenses have been shown to reduce myopia progression at an average rate of 67%. Making it a practical option for parents looking to invest in their children’s eye health and longevity. Especially children from 8 to 12 years old (age in which the progression of myopia is greatest).

  1. 20-20-20 method:

This technique involves taking frequent breaks from any activity that involves near vision (such as reading or using a computer). Rest for 20 seconds and focus your eyes on an object 20 feet away every 20 minutes during the day (for example, looking out the window). By giving your eyes regular breaks like this, you give them time to relax and refocus, reducing the strain caused by prolonged close-up work activities that can affect concentration in the short term, as well as vision health in the long term. .

  1. eye yoga:

Eye yoga is an increasingly popular way to improve eyesight without resorting to corrective lenses. By strengthening the eye muscles, increasing blood flow, and improving coordination and concentration, these exercises can make a difference in the long run. Even if you think you don’t need glasses or contacts, practicing these simple exercises can help keep your vision sharp and clear.

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Depending on the objectives and needs of each one, you can practice them once a day or several times a week. But no matter how often you practice them, taking the time to do eye yoga can help you preserve your natural ability to see clearly.

* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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