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Well Being

Pollution intérieure – Bougies parfumées : comment bien les choisir ?



Bercé par leurs lueurs, l’hiver nous paraît moins rude. Associated with the world indoors, the bougies participate in the freshness of the foyer. How to choose them, make them last for a long time? What risks to avoid? Our experts have come up with the solution.

No evening without them. Not a brand that did not have the silk, not a place – boutique, palace… – that does not diffuse its effluves, often composed mostly by big names such as Olivia Giacobetti, Isabelle Doyen, Céline Ellena, Rami Mekdachi. In addition, the bouquets replace the bouquet of flowers in the dinners in the city.

With the cocooning, their sales are wrapped, especially in winter, when we particularly appreciate their warm flame. With their soft final touch, their light gives our interior an extra touch of soul and makes us love the evenings spent under the shade, the evenings that linger, the nightly readings. Whether social or intimate, they are associated with a rhythm, with relaxation – the dinner in shawls is not the last word – or with conviviality, it’s up to you… There is no doubt, in any case, that they contribute to create a pleasant atmosphere, a positive state of mind, a joy of life. Delicious invitation to well-being – we recommend the bath in the light of a scented bouquet -, their hypnotic flame incites to meditation, soothes, envelops.

Qu’est-ce qu’une bonne bougie ?

Une bonne bougie a un prix : vingt euros minimum (le ” gros ” du marché se situe entre vingt et quarante euros). “Underneath this somberness, the risks of having a mediocre glass that can fizzle – especially those of Chinese manufacture – exist,” explains Patty Canac, olfactory consultant and professor at Isipca. (1). The surface of the bougie must be smooth, this is the proof that it contains the mineral wax that allows to restore all the notes of a perfume, even the lightest, such as those of the citrus. “By turning the bottle upside down, you can check that the metal tablet while the patch at the bottom of the glass is well centered. It’s a quality tool: the patch won’t flap around and the bougie will be bubbling right up to the end,” assures Patty Canac. This brush must not be made of lead (harmful) but of zinc. To be sure of this, rub a piece of white paper on the neutral patch: if you notice a slight grayish trace on the paper, the patch contains lead. Prefer a non-colored wax, because the pigments densify the wax, which can disturb the good functioning of the bougie. The cloth must be in cotton. Avoid very large bags, they do not shine until the end. If they have several patches, make sure that they are not too tight.

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1. Institut supérieur international du parfum, de la cosmétique et de l’aromatique alimentaire.

Et le parfum ?

The concentration of perfume to guarantee a good olfactory presence varies between 10 and 12%, but it also depends on the notes: jasmine, for example, is more powerful than musk. Some good bouquets are only perfumed on their surface, with the help of a pipette, says Patty Canac. They will feel good only at the time of purchase and during the first burn. There are specialized nibs, which compose specially studied fragrance formulas so that they spread in the air.

“The “fragrance” of a fragrance is very complex, each ingredient of the fragrance must be tested in the scent, according to the specialist. The construction of a bougie parfum is a little different from that of a skin parfum : il n’y a pas de pyramide olfactive, c’est-à-dire pas de notes de tête, de cœur ou de fond, on est tout de suite dans le fond, le parfum de la bougie n’évoluant pas comme sur la peau. “
“The manufacture of a bougie requires real know-how, confirms Norbert Hiblot, founder of Geodesis, one of the few brands to manufacture its own parfumed bougies. This requires many adjustments and a careful balance between all the constituents. Three criteria determine their performance: the quality of the wax, the quality of the perfume and the quality of the wood. A good bougie burns slowly and evenly (its surface does not form a crater), it does not smoke, its neck remains straight and well centered and it diffuses its perfume (about sixty hours) until the end.”

Cire minérale ou végétale ?

“Currently, it is better to privilege mineral waxes that meet European and American standards, which do not cause emanations, says Patty Canac. Vegetable wax burns “properly”, without producing smoke or blackening the glass, but it burns more quickly and restores less well the senses. “There are several vegetable oils (soybean, carnauba, jojoba, copra or palm oil). Avoid the latter, because the intensive trade of palm oil leads to massive deforestation. If you are concerned about preserving the environment, you can rely on ecologically committed brands (Nature & Nature & Résonances uses soybean).

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As for beech wood, which is perfectly ecological, it should be known that it is difficult to smoke (its natural odor is very strong) and that its price is high. “It is a material widely used for the manufacture of straight bags, such as hinges, says Norbert Hiblot. For the bougies cooked in pot, we prefer more malleable mineral waxes, our concern being that the surface liquefies quickly, in order to favor the diffusion of the parfum.”

Certain bougies can be toxic ?

“The Cigars are part of the European pharmacopoeia – they receive a Codex amendment (2) – and are tested not to cause any release of toxic fumes, assures Norbert Hiblot. However, there may be risks with uncontrolled products, such as certain Chinese paraffins that can release benzene, he says. ”

Patty Canac, she, discourages the ” chauffe-plats ” bougies sold in bags of fifty : ” Their wax, of bad quality, can be toxic. The same goes for the bougies sold in small plastic pots, such as church bougies, for example: their wax is well marketed and the plastic is likely to melt. “She also recommends not to let a parfumed bougie burn permanently. Not because its emanations would be toxic (no risk, remember, with the good bouquets), but rather because, to better appreciate it, it is important to maintain an air of rest to its odor.

2. Codex alimentarius : commission which develops standards to protect the health of consumers.

Entertaining the flame

  • Coupez régulièrement la mèche lorsque la bougie est froide – sa longueur doit être de cinq millimètres environ – afin d’empêcher la flamme devenir trop haute et la bougie de fumer.
  • Recentrez la mèche lorsque la cire est encore chaude et liquide.
  • N’allumez pas votre bougie parfumée toute neuve à la dernière minute.just before receiving your friends. The perfume can only diffuse when the entire surface of the bougie is completely melted, which takes one or two hours. Perform this operation the evening or a few hours before. The perfume will then diffuse with all its power, even if you only light your bougie for a short moment.
  • Do not place your bougie in an air flow. or on a surface that is sensitive to heat (glass, wood…), in order to avoid thermal shocks (the glass may crack).
  • Choose the most powerful fragrances. (white flowers, wood, spices) if you smoke – it is useless to invest in an anti-tobacco bouquet, all bouquets absorb the smoke – or if your interior is weak and feathery (carpet, dyes, rugs, sofa, cushions attract odors).
  • Avoid the parfumed walls during the shower. (so as not to avoid gumming up the degustation), as well as in the sleeping room: some areas must remain neutral.
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Our favorite bougies

Les classiques (cire minérale extrapure)

  • Toute la gamme Geodesis, où chaque parfum est associé à une région du monde, par exemple le Mexique avec Tubéreuse (23 euros T. : 02 97 01 08 00, ).
  • Bougie de Noël Bois d’Orient de L’Artisan Parfumeur (40 euros T. : 01 48 04 55 66, ).
  • Bougies Eau Noire (lavande orientale douce) ou Bois d’Argent (bois cuiré) by Christian Dior (€45 T. : 01 40 73 53 01, ).
  • Lumière d’Intérieur Rouge Infernal by By Terry (€45 T. : 01 53 53 01 88, ).
  • Cœur de… Braise de Zenadora (38 euros. T. : 01 47 94 88 70, ).
  • Bougie de Noël gravée d’or (pins et agrumes), Annick Goutal (€46 T. : 01 40 71 20 60, http:// ).
  • Bougies Parfumées Extra Pures, La Compagnie de Provence, Marseille (€21 T. : 04 95 06 30 23,

Les naturelles (cire végétale).

  • Délice épicé de Nature & Découvertes fait revivre les Noëls d’antan (€14.95 T. : 08 11 46 44 54,
  • Bougies design Acqua Di Parma : thanks to a secret manufacturing process, they keep their external shape : (91 euros T. : 01 56 33 98 30, ).
  • Bougie Parfumée Miel de Sapin, L’Occitane (€19.50 T. : 08 10 19 51 95, ).
  • Fabricant cirier depuis 1643, la Maison Trudon propose des bougies d’un grand raffinement, comme l’exotique Pondichéry (50 euros, 78, rue de Seine, 75006 Paris, T. : 01 43 26 46 46 50).

Les non-parfumées
Floating or decorative bouquets in more than thirty-six colors, bouquets, photophores : everything to decorate your party tables at Point à la ligne (T. : 05 57 26 26 45 45, ).
Et aussi : et

Pour aller plus loin

Olfactory initiation

The atelier ” Parfums de déco ” of Thierry Mugler, animated by Patty Canac, decorates the very rich universe of room fragrances and introduces you to the different ways to ” decorate olfactorily ” your interior.
Registration at 01 53 05 25 87
80 euros, 49, avenue de l’Opéra
75002 Paris.

Olfactory initiation

Thierry Mugler’s “Deco Fragrances” atelier, led by Patty Canac, decorates the rich universe of ambiance fragrances and introduces you to the different ways of “olfactorily decorating” your interior.
Registration at 01 53 05 25 87
80 euros, 49, avenue de l’Opéra
75002 Paris.

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Well Being

2 minutes is enough to increase your longevity



Presse Santé

Don’t have enough time to exercise during the week? Or are you unable to find the motivation to do it? A new study shows that 15 minutes of vigorous exercise per week or just two minutes of vigorous exercise per day is enough. This is good news for those who do not have free time for physical activity.

Reduced risk of premature death.

This study appeared in the European Heart Journal. It shows that fifteen minutes per week or two minutes of intensive exercise per day reduces the risk of premature death by 18%.

The new study comes to support the impact of physical activity on our life expectancy.

For the study, the researchers attached activity trackers to the wrists of 71,893 adults with an average age of 62.5 for nearly seven years. Five years later, the researchers identified those who died in the meantime. People who were not physically active had a 4% risk of death during this period. In contrast, people who practiced ten minutes of exercise a week saw this risk cut in half. In total, fifteen minutes of intense physical exercise a week has been shown to reduce the risk of death by 18%.

The more you move, the better!

Of course, the more exercise you do, the better. According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, a “healthy person” performs an average of 150 to 300 minutes of moderate physical exercise per week. You can also opt for 75 to 150 minutes of vigorous exercise per week. Research shows that these guidelines reduce the risk of premature death by 21%. Do you exercise more than the number of minutes listed above? In this case, the benefits in terms of useful life are even greater.

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The benefits of sport for your brain.

More mental resilience.

When exercise is done at high intensity, the body develops physically, but also mentally, as it “adapts” to new challenges and learns to handle more load and stress. On training days, overall mental performance is better than on rest days. Memory seems to improve, as well as coordination and reaction speed.

Better mood.

Through the production and exchange of dopamine, oxytocin, serotonin, endorphins, adrenaline, etc. in the brain and in the body, the organism is rewarded with a feeling of well-being during and after exercise.

Stress management.

When your brain releases chemicals, your body “receives” stimuli to relieve pain, reduce stress and inflammation, body aches, insomnia, fatigue, and anxiety. In addition, thanks to better mental resistance, athletes can better manage stressful situations. Sport is a way to release “bad stress” and balance the body for the mental and physical challenges ahead.

improved health.

Sport strengthens the functions of the cardiovascular system, the respiratory tract and the nervous system. Sport is a key factor in “refining” your metabolism. All of this should lead to better overall health.

power charge.

In many medical and sports articles it is said that after a few minutes of sports an effect called “runner’s high” is achieved and that it is due to the chemicals that are produced “to manage” the effort. This “energy charge” includes chemicals for load resistance, stamina, pain relief, etc. The end result is a feeling of “energy” (as long as the training does not continue until exhausted by fatigue). In many articles it is mentioned that even 20 minutes of activity can already help you “get” a high energy charge.

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Reduction of depression and anxiety..

Do you know the principle of the snowball effect? Rolling down a mountain, a snowball continues to grow as it goes down. Sports have the same effect.

* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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Well Being

The 9 Best Exercises for Healthy Feet



Presse Santé

Many people experience foot or ankle pain at one time or another. Keeping your feet strong can help alleviate these pains and improve overall health and flexibility. Exercising and stretching your feet and ankles regularly helps ensure that the muscles provide the best possible support. These exercises can also increase the range of motion in the feet, allowing a person to stay active for as long as possible. Most foot exercises are simple and do not require complicated equipment. People can do them at home or at the gym as part of a regular exercise routine.

The following exercises can improve the flexibility and mobility of the feet.

1. Raise, point and curl your toes

This exercise has three stages and helps to strengthen all parts of the feet and toes.

To do this exercise:

Sit upright in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.
Keeping your toes on the floor, raise your heels. Stop when only the balls of your feet remain on the ground.
Hold this position for 5 seconds before lowering your heels.
For the second step, lift your heels and point your toes so that only the tips of your big and second toes are touching the ground.
Hold this position for 5 seconds before lowering your heels.
For the third step, lift your heels and curl your toes in so that only the tips of your toes are touching the floor. Hold this position for 5 seconds.
Develop flexibility and mobility by repeating each step 10 times.

2. Big Toe Stretch

It is important to maintain a wide range of motion in the big toe. The following exercise also has three steps and is designed to stretch and relieve pain in your toes from wearing tight shoes.

To do this exercise:

Sit upright in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.
Place the left foot on the right thigh.
Using your fingers, gently stretch your big toe up, down, and to the sides.
Hold your big toe in each position for 5 seconds.
Repeat this exercise 10 times before switching to the other foot.

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foot muscle exercises

The following exercises can help improve foot strength.

3. Separation of the toes

The finger separation exercise can improve control of the finger muscles. You can do this on both feet at once or alternate feet, whichever is most comfortable for you.

To do this exercise:

Sit in a straight-backed chair with your feet flat on the floor.
Spread your toes as far apart as possible without straining. Hold this position for 5 seconds.
Repeat this movement 10 times.
Once a person has built up strength, they can try wrapping a rubber band around their toes. This provides resistance and makes the exercise more difficult.

4. Finger Curl

Doing finger curls develops the flexor muscles in the toes and feet, which improves overall strength.

To do this exercise:

Sit upright in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.
Place a small towel on the floor in front of your body, with the small side facing your feet.
Place the toes of one foot on the short side of the towel. Try to grab the towel between your toes and pull it towards you. Repeat this exercise five times before switching to the other foot.
To make this exercise more difficult, try pressing down on the opposite end of the towel with an object.

5. Collect marbles

Picking up marbles can increase muscle strength in the soles of the feet and toes.

To do this exercise:

Sit upright in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.
Place an empty bowl and a bowl with 20 marbles on the floor in front of your feet.
Using only the toes of one foot, pick up each marble and place it in the empty container.
Repeat this exercise with the other foot.

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6. Walking on the sand

Walking barefoot on the sand is a great way to stretch and strengthen your feet and calves. It’s good overall exercise because the soft texture of the sand makes walking more physically demanding.

To do this exercise:

Head to a beach, volleyball court, or anywhere else with sand.
Take off your shoes and socks.
Walk as far as possible. Try to increase the distance slowly over time to avoid overloading your feet and calf muscles.

exercises for pain

The following exercises may be helpful in relieving pain.

7. Toe Extension

Toe extension is helpful in preventing or treating plantar fasciitis, which is a condition that causes pain in the heel when walking and difficulty lifting the toes.

To do this exercise:

Sit upright in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.
Place the left foot on the right thigh.
Pull the toes towards the ankle. You should feel a stretch along the bottom of your foot and heel tendon.
Hold this position for 10 seconds. Massaging the arch of the foot during the stretch helps relieve tension and pain.
Repeat this exercise 10 times on each foot.

8. Rolling a golf ball underfoot

Rolling a golf ball under your foot can help relieve arch discomfort and decrease pain associated with plantar fasciitis.

To do this exercise:

Sit upright in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.
Place a golf ball, or other small, hard ball, on the ground at your feet.
Put one foot on the ball and move it by pressing as hard as you want. The ball should massage the bottom of the foot.
Continue for 2 minutes, then repeat on the other foot.
An ice cold bottle of water can be a relaxing alternative.

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9. Achilles heel stretch

The Achilles tendon is a cord that connects the heel to the calf muscles. It can get out of shape easily, but keeping it strong can help relieve foot, ankle, or leg pain.

To do this exercise:

Stand facing a wall and raise your arms so that your palms are flat against the wall.
Step back with one foot, keeping the knee straight. Then, bend the knee of the opposite leg.
Keep both heels flat on the ground.
Push your hips forward until you feel a stretching sensation in your Achilles tendon and calf muscles.
Hold this position for 30 seconds before switching sides. Repeat three times on each side.
For a slightly different stretch, bend your back knee and push your hips forward.

Foot Health and Safety Tips

To help keep your feet strong and healthy:

Perform a thorough warm-up before exercising.
Wear supportive shoes for your daily activities and sports.
Replace worn out shoes as often as possible.
Slowly build strength and flexibility to condition feet and ankles.
Avoid uneven surfaces, especially when running. Try not to run uphill too often.
Listen to your body. Do not overdo the activities.
Prevent any recurrence of the injury by resting and seeking proper treatment.


It is good for keeping your feet and ankles healthy. Performing the above exercises can help relieve existing pain, prevent discomfort, and reduce the risk of injury.
People with a diagnosed foot condition, such as plantar fasciitis or a torn Achilles tendon, can try exercises to help. Always consult a health professional, if possible, before starting a new exercise and stretching program.

* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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Well Being

6 questions you should ask yourself for a 100% effective diet



Presse Santé

Your weight loss success largely depends on your willingness to rise to the challenge. If you take the plunge before you’re ready, your weight loss program could fail at the first hurdle.

Knowing that you need to make changes in your life and actually making them are two different things.

Use these questions to assess your readiness to lose weight.

Are you motivated to make long-term changes to your lifestyle?

Successful weight loss depends on making permanent lifestyle changes, such as eating healthy, low-calorie foods and including physical activity in your daily routine. This could represent a significant departure from your current lifestyle.

You may need to revise your diet to eat more whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, for example. It will be important to eat a variety of healthy foods. You’ll also need to find time for physical activity, ideally for at least 30 to 45 minutes, or more, most days of the week.

Find your motivation and focus on it:

Your true motivation is the best guarantee of success, but what is it? To make these changes, ask yourself first why you want to lose weight, all these changes to:

  • have better health,
  • better appearance
  • feel better about yourself
  • better way
  • start a new love story

Have you identified anything in your life that might distract you from your weight loss goal?

If you’re dealing with major life events, such as marital problems, work stress, illness, or financial worries, you may not want to add the challenge of reviewing your eating habits and time spent being physically active. It may be better to wait until the right time to embark on your weight loss program to limit the risk of failure due to external factors that are too heavy.

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Do you have a realistic picture of how much weight you will lose and how fast?

Reaching and maintaining a healthy weight is a lifelong process. Start by making sure your weight loss goal is safe and realistic, such as losing 5 percent of your current weight.

Try to start losing 0.5 to 1 kilogram per week until you reach your goal. This means burning 500 to 1,000 more calories than you consume each day, through diet and exercise.

You could lose weight faster if you change your habits significantly. However, be careful. Radical changes that are not sustainable are unlikely to be effective in the long term.

Have you resolved emotional problems related to your weight?

Emotions and food are often intertwined. Anger, stress, grief, and boredom can trigger emotional eating. If you have a history of disordered eating, losing weight can be even more difficult.

To prepare for challenges, identify emotional issues related to eating.

Do you have support around you?

Any weight loss program can be difficult. You may face moments of temptation or discouragement. Having someone around you to offer encouragement can help. If you don’t have friends or loved ones you can rely on for positive help, consider joining a weight loss support group.

If you want to keep your weight loss efforts to yourself and not tell anyone about it, it will be more difficult. But maybe you’re ready to be responsible to yourself: set up dates with yourself then. With summary about:

  • – regular weigh-ins
  • – monitor your diet
  • – track your physical activity
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Have you really accepted the weight loss challenge?

If you don’t have a positive attitude toward weight loss, you may not be ready. And if you fear what’s to come, you’re more likely to find excuses to veer off course.

Instead, try to take a nice view of your new lifestyle and stay positive. Focus on how good you will feel when you are more active or weigh less. Imagine celebrating all the successes along the way, whether it’s enjoying a new food, completing another workout, or losing your first few pounds.

If you answered yes to most or all of the questions

You are probably ready to make lifestyle changes that will help you lose weight permanently. Get ahead with healthy eating and regular physical activity, starting today!

If you think you need help, see a dietitian or join a reputable weight loss program. If you have a significant amount of weight to lose, you may benefit from follow-up with a therapist or obesity specialist.

If you answer no to more than one of the questions

You may not be ready to embark on a weight loss program right now, and that’s okay. Explore what’s holding you back and face those obstacles.

Consider seeking help from a professional weight loss tracker to help you deal with any roadblocks. Then, reassess your readiness for your weight loss program so you can get off to a great start.

Ready, set, let’s go

If you can’t answer every question with a simple yes or no, but overall you feel positive and confident with your answers, consider starting now.

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You may never have definitive answers in life. Don’t let this rob you of the opportunity to achieve your weight loss goals.

* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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