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Hypochondriacs: they are always afraid of being sick

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hypochondria

“Illness, my dear illness, what would I be without you? asks Molière’s imaginary patient. In reality, he suffers from an obsessive and unjustified concern for his health, which persists despite the reassuring words of doctors and the total absence of detectable physiological damage. In one word, hypochondria.

In major hypochondria, explains psychiatrist Bernard Brusset, “the person reduces their identity to their illness, which becomes an object of love and hate. It is a pathology of narcissism, a complete withdrawal into oneself. Sexuality, the relationship with others, the outside world are disinvested. We are approaching the mechanisms of paranoia, but here the subject is persecuted by an organ considered abnormal”. Fortunately, hypochondriacal concerns are often closer to neuroses and depression. It is a way of “figuring out” anguish, of linking it, because a danger that can be identified and localized like a cancer is more bearable than a permanent, diffuse danger. One must also distinguish between transient hypochondriasis, a temporary fear that may follow the death of a loved one or an AIDS program, as well as fears that develop after a really serious, stabilized illness, but one that is feared a recurrence. .

According to psychiatrists, hypochondria has a psychodynamic origin. Often, people who suffer from it have experienced early affective deficiencies, duels, separations. Others had parents who took them to the doctor at the slightest ailment, creating a feeling of vulnerability and insecurity about their bodies.

For some psychoanalysts, it is due to a lack of self-esteem. Illness, an acceptable form of failure, hides a deep feeling of powerlessness and worthlessness. Hypochondriacal anxieties are also quite common in adolescence and menopause, because these periods cause deep questioning of self-image. Family therapists see the hypochondriac as the bearer of symptoms, the one onto whom the other members of the family transfer their stress.

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For Michèle Freud, psychotherapist and sophrologist, “hypochondriac suffering is due to the demands of everyday life. It is a phobia to which bodily manifestations are added: palpitations, muscle pain and panic attacks are then due to the greater activation of the autonomic nervous system, that is, to stress. »

Note that it is important to distinguish the anxious person from the hypochondriac, stresses superior health, specifying that the difference lies in the intensity and duration of the symptoms. To better understand the common signs of the disease, we collected testimonials from concerned people, who tell how hypochondria affects their daily lives.

Testimonials

Sandrine, 30, graphic designer: “No doctor can reassure me”
“It all started when my cousin died at the age of 38 from a devastating malignant melanoma. Ever since then, I’ve been afraid of not getting past this age. I am always tired, I suffer from tingling, joint pain, strange and unexplained symptoms. I consulted about twenty specialists, I did multiple tests. But no doctor, even if he tells me “nothing abnormal”, manages to reassure me. In my opinion, if they don’t find anything, it’s either because my disease is in its early stage or the lab messed up! »

Michel, 42 years old, commercial director: “I have had terrible migraines for five years”
“The fear of having a brain tumor prevents me from working well, enjoying my hobbies, my family. I have already written several wills since my death seems imminent. Most of the time, my pain makes people laugh or get upset. They take me squarely for an egomaniac, a pretender, and advise me to see a psychiatrist! It’s stupid. I don’t have psychological problems, I’m sick, physically! »

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Jean-Philippe, 28, pharmacist: “I am fascinated by unknown viruses”
“I carefully monitor my health. I know the “Vidal” by heart; I devour medical magazines and books; I assiduously follow the advances in medical research, new treatments and the latest technologies. Above all, I watch all the programs about AIDS or Kreutsfeld-Jakob disease. Because I am fascinated by extremely rare syndromes, unknown and devastating viruses… Nothing interests me more than descriptions of rare diseases! »

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test yourself


Does your health worry you? The whims of our body do not generate the same anxiety for everyone. And you?

Advice for those around you

After a period of request, distance and anger easily get in the way of an “imaginary patient”, whom nothing can calm. It is no use minimizing his suffering by putting negative medical checkups under his nose. Phrases like “You have nothing, take it yourself, stop thinking about it!” reinforce his feeling of being alone and misunderstood. Better encourage him to talk about himself, his childhood, his family. And if this understanding attitude is not enough to reassure him, we can recommend psychotherapeutic work that will help you understand his true anguish.

Tips for the hypochondriac

Relax
Segment-by-segment relaxation techniques calm the mind and relax the body. Once the limit state between wakefulness and sleep, characteristic of relaxation, has been reached, each one can act independently on their hypochondriacal disorders.

Breathe
Breathing is the barometer of our state of mind. Anxious subjects are in high chest breathing. You have to learn to amplify your abdominal breathing with slow and deep, calm and regular exhalations. Thus, we have an emergency technique to manage our anxiety.

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get help
In sophrology, minor hypochondriasis is treated through a work of visualizations, suggestions and commands under hypnosis. Supportive psychotherapies, transactional analysis, NLP grounding, and cognitive behavioral therapies also treat phobias and obsessive beliefs about illness.

Major hypochondriasis requires psychiatric follow-up
It combines antidepressant medical treatment with long-term analytical psychotherapy.

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Read


Imaginary diseases, real diseases? by Carla Cantor (Editions de l’Homme).

Hypochondria by Bernard Brusset (FAQ).

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Well Being

These 8 golden rules must be taken into account for a serene digestion

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Presse Santé

If you’re like most people, you want to avoid bloating and feel your best. But sometimes it’s hard to know what to eat and what to avoid. These are the golden rules of the diet, laid out by a dietitian, that will help you keep your tummy happy and avoid bloating.

  1. Eat slowly and chew your food well.

As any nutritionist will tell you, there are some benefits to chewing your food slowly and completely. When you chew your food slowly, you not only prevent bloating, but also aid in the digestion process. This is because when you chew slowly, you increase the surface area of ​​the food, which allows digestive enzymes to break it down faster and more efficiently. Also, chewing slowly allows you to savor the flavor of your food and feel more satisfied after eating.

  1. Avoid carbonated drinks.

The carbonation of carbonated drinks can cause bloating by trapping gas in the stomach. Upset stomach and bloating are among the top reasons people cut carbonated beverages out of their diets. Dietitian Dr. Nadia Ismail advises replacing soft drinks with water or herbal teas. She also suggests consuming natural probiotics, such as yogurt and sauerkraut, to aid digestion.

Dr. Nadia Ismail says cutting out carbonated drinks is one of the best things you can do for your health. “It’s not just the sugar they contain that’s bad for your health, it’s also the carbonation. When you drink a lot of soda, you’re essentially giving yourself a constant stomach ache. If you suffer from bloating, quitting soda is a good starting point. Try replacing them with healthier alternatives and see if that makes a difference.

  1. Eat more fiber-rich foods.

Foods like beans, legumes, and whole grains promote circulation in the digestive system, which can help reduce bloating.

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Fiber helps bulk up your stool and supports regularity, which can help decrease trapped gas. Also, high-fiber foods are often high in water content, which can help soften stool and prevent constipation. If you’re not used to eating a lot of fiber, start small and gradually increase your intake to avoid digestive upset.

  1. Avoid foods high in fat.

Fatty foods tend to stay in the stomach longer, which can cause bloating and indigestion. Additionally, fatty foods can also lead to weight gain, which can put extra strain on the stomach and intestines, exacerbating the problem. If you’re looking to avoid bloating, focus on light, easy-to-digest meals. Simplicity is often the best solution.

  1. Don’t eat too much at one time.

When you eat more than your stomach can comfortably hold, it stretches like a balloon and your digestive muscles have to work overtime to break down the food. This can lead to fermentation and gas production, which can cause pain, cramps, and flatulence. You may also feel lethargic and bloated. Try to eat smaller meals more frequently and take time to chew your food well. You’ll be glad you did when your stomach is comfortable and flat.

  1. Exercise regularly.

It is important to make sure you get enough exercise. Dietitian Dr. Nadia Ismail explains that “Exercise helps move gas through the intestines and also relieves stress, which can contribute to bloating. She recommends getting 30 minutes of moderate exercise each day. Additionally, she advises avoiding processed foods and drinking plenty of water. By making these simple changes, you can help prevent bloating and feel happier and healthier.

  1. Reduce stress in your life.

When we are stressed, our bodies go into “fight or flight” mode and release hormones like cortisol. This triggers changes in our digestive system, which can lead to reduced motility and increased inflammation, two factors that can cause bloating. So if you’re looking to reduce your bloat risk, it may be worth taking a closer look at your stress levels. Taking a little time each day to relax and de-stress could make all the difference in your digestive health.

  1. Tell your doctor about the medicines you are taking.

Did you know that the medications you take can also contribute to swelling? It is right ! Even some over the counter medications can make your stomach bloated. If you suffer from bloating, it would be a good idea to take a closer look at your medication list.

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Certain types of medications can cause bloating by interfering with the digestive process. For example, antibiotics kill both the good and bad bacteria in the intestine, which can lead to indigestion. Pain relievers like ibuprofen and aspirin can also irritate the digestive tract and cause bloating. If you regularly take any of these medications, ask your doctor about alternatives that don’t upset your stomach. They may be able to prescribe another medication or suggest ways to reduce side effects.

* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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Well Being

The hair spa: what do you need to know about this treatment?

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Presse Santé

Who doesn’t love that rejuvenated, revived, freshly cut hair straight out of a salon? Hair care sessions in beauty salons are very attractive to beat depression and bring your hair back to life. The hair spa conditions your scalp and hair so your locks look shinier than before. Although you are aware of the myriad benefits, you may be skeptical about these hair taming procedures.

Like the two sides of a coin, there are also different opinions about this hair care hack. Hair care experts believe that a regular hair spa treatment with professional hairdressers is a must to get the desired results. However, reputable dermatologists also advise you not to use chemicals to avoid long-term damage to your hair.

Where can you do a hair spa?

A hair spa is an in-salon treatment that helps repair and rejuvenate dull, lifeless hair. It mainly consists of four steps: oil massage, shampoo, hair mask and conditioner. The entire process relaxes the scalp and leaves hair silky smooth. Revitalizes and deeply nourishes the scalp, roots and hair follicles.

The 5 best spa benefits for hair.

  1. Repairs damaged and frizzy hair:

Did you know that hair spas also reverse hair damage? Through unique conditioning procedures, it infuses hair strands with essential nutrients to replenish lost moisture and hydration. Furthermore, hair massage is an integral part of any spa therapy, helping to stimulate blood circulation to the follicles to improve the current condition of your hair.

  1. Strengthens the hair root:

Weak hair roots are the most common problem these days. Pollution, harsh hair care products, and scorching heat can all be to blame for weak, brittle roots. The hair spa benefits your hair by nourishing and revitalizing hair follicles, making them thicker and less prone to breakage.

  1. Reduces stress and increases blood circulation:

Spa hair treatments are a great way to de-stress. Head massage and steam treatment during the spa help improve blood circulation in the scalp and head, which in turn helps calm the mind.

  1. Unclogs the pores of the scalp:

Silicone buildup from hair cosmetics and environmental impurities cause clogging of the scalp pores. Hair spas help unclog pores with steam. This hair taming process helps remove impurities deposited in the pores, which ultimately protects your hair from dandruff, fallout, and rough hair.

  1. Regulates sebum secretion on the scalp:

A hair spa is a great way to balance the oils on your scalp. Dry and oily scalp is the biggest adversary of hair. Excess oil on the scalp makes hair sticky, while dehydrated skin makes it dry and rough. Regular hair spa treatments are considered very helpful in maintaining an ideal secretion of oils in the scalp, which ultimately manifests in healthy and shiny hair.

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What are the disadvantages of a hair spa?

Hair spa can relieve stress on your hair and even on you. But there’s also a downside: The chemicals can be harsh and negatively affect your scalp, hair, and even your wallet. Therefore, it is best to make an informed decision. Here are some cons of a hair spa.

  1. Hair color fade:

Although your hair can look shiny after a hair spa. This can be a bit of a problem if you have dyed hair.

Regular hair spas tend to fade hair color. Before opting for a hair treatment, it would be good to talk to professionals to find the best possible solutions. This way, you can get the most benefit from your hair therapy while maintaining your favorite hair color.

  1. Hair loss:

Much research has revealed that the harsh chemical ingredients used in different stages of cosmetic hair processes can lead to severe hair loss. If you are already dealing with hair loss problems, it is best to consult a dermatologist before embarking on cosmetic hair therapy.

  1. One more quote:

Hair spa treatments can be quite expensive. Many of you find it difficult to spend a certain amount each month on a hair treatment. For you, there are countless hair masks that are a perfect solution for damaged, frizzy and rough hair.

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Well Being

Is it a truth or a myth?

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Presse Santé

We’ve all heard the saying “an apple a day keeps the doctor away.” But is there any truth to that saying? Let’s take a closer look at the science behind this popular saying.

Nutrition facts for apples.

Fresh apples are a gold mine of vitamins and minerals. According to MASA (Ministry of Agriculture and Food Sovereignty), a large apple with its skin contains the following nutritional elements:

  • 116 calories
  • 30.8g of carbohydrates
  • 0.38g fat
  • 0.58g protein

The amount of fiber in apples with skin is 5.4 g. Apple nutrition also includes a variety of vitamins and minerals, such as potassium and vitamin C. According to MASA, when apples are peeled or the skin is removed, the nutritional value of the vitamins and minerals in the apple is reduced. A large skinless or peeled apple contains:

  • 27.6 g of carbohydrates
  • 104 calories
  • 0.28g fat
  • 0.58g protein

Even without the skin, apples still contain a significant amount of vitamins and minerals. However, they are lower in nutrient amounts than apples with their skin on. Notably, the fiber is reduced to just 2.8 g, or just over half the fiber found in the apple with the skin on.

A June 2017 study published in NPJ Precision Oncology found that ursolic acid, found in the skin of apples, can inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells. Researchers have discovered that ursolic acid, the waxy compound in apple skin, has anticancer properties. They are currently testing the combination of ursolic acid with other antioxidant compounds found in plants, such as curcumin, and its role in reducing prostate cancer activity.

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The health benefits of apples.

In an October 2015 study published in Food and Nutrition Research, researchers found that children who eat a lot of apples have a higher intake of fiber, magnesium and potassium. In general, they have a lower consumption of added sugars compared to children who do not consume many apples.

Apples are rich in quercetin. Quercetin is a flavonoid found in fruits and vegetables that may have anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties, according to a March 2016 study published in Nutrients.

Pectin, a fiber found in apples, can help lower “bad” LDL cholesterol. This increases the risk of coronary heart disease. Since pectin is fermented from short-chain fatty acids, it may play a key role in preventing chronic diseases, including intestinal disorders.

The phytonutrients and fiber in apples play a key role in protecting against free radical damage and reducing the risk of cancer. Studies have shown that apples can protect the body from oxidative stress. In particular, some data suggest a reduced risk of lung, colorectal, breast, and digestive tract cancers.

So is eating an apple a day a good approach to maintaining iron health?

The old saying goes that an apple a day keeps the doctor away, but is it true? At first glance, apples seem very healthy. They are low in calories and fat, high in fiber, and a good source of vitamins and minerals. Since they contain antioxidants. Studies have shown that people who eat apples regularly have a lower risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. On the other hand, it is essential to remember that the key to a healthy diet is balance. Do not abuse apples (or any other food), and you will be fine. Enjoy them as part of a healthy, balanced diet, and they just might help keep you away from the doctor.

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How to clean apples of pesticides to take advantage of all their nutrients?

Of course, to benefit from the nutrients present in the whole apple, you must first clean it well. To remove unwanted pesticides, two options are valid and effective.

  • The first thing is to soak the apples in a solution of vinegar and water for about 15 minutes.
  • The second allows you to put the apples in a pan filled with hot water. A whitish substance may appear on the surface of the apple. You wait 5-10 minutes, then you start scrubbing the apples with a brush under running water.
* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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