Well Being

How to remove dead skin from the face according to skin type



The skin is naturally renewed every 30 days approximately. This process occurs when the outer layer of the skin, or epidermis, sheds dead cells and replaces them with new ones. Dead cells are shed during normal daily activities, like putting on and taking off clothes. A person does not realize that old skin cells fall off during the day. Exfoliation allows a person to get rid of those dead cells from the top layer of the skin faster. However, people should be very careful when using a scrub to do this, as these products can easily damage or irritate the skin.

In this article, we look at the different ways to exfoliate facial skin, taking into account your skin type. We will also see what to avoid, because the skin of the face is more delicate than that of some other parts of the body.

How to exfoliate the face

If a person wants to exfoliate their face, they must follow a series of steps:

Use gentle methods specifically for the face.
Avoid the delicate skin around the eyes and lips.
Make sure your face is always clean before exfoliating.
Exfoliate the skin manually or chemically.

hand exfoliation

Manual exfoliation involves using a tool or scrub to physically remove dead skin cells from the face.

chemical peel

A chemical peel involves the use of a mild acid to dissolve dead skin cells.

Most products marketed for use on the face contain low levels of exfoliating chemicals, making them safe for most people. Chemical exfoliants may not be suitable for people with sensitive or dry skin, as they can cause dryness or irritation. For any chemical exfoliant, gradual use can help prevent skin irritation. At first, chemical exfoliants should not be used more than once a week. A dermatologist can advise you on the use and choice of the right product.

The most common types of chemical exfoliants are:

alpha hydroxy acid (AHA)
beta hydroxy acid (BHA)
It is recommended not to use AHA, BHA and retinol together, as they would be too aggressive for the skin.

forms of scrubs

The different exfoliating options possible.


1. Wipe

Using a washcloth is a good option for people with more sensitive skin.

Take a regular washcloth and dampen it with lukewarm water, then use it to gently rub your skin in small circles.

Cleaning the face before exfoliation can also be beneficial, as it opens the pores of the skin.

2. Natural sponge

A natural sponge can be helpful in removing dead skin cells from your face.

Wet and wring out the sponge, then use small circular motions to exfoliate the face.

Try not to put too much pressure on the skin, as this can cause irritation. Light movements should easily remove dead cells, as they are no longer firmly attached to the surface.

3. Face scrub

Scrubs are a popular way to get rid of dead skin cells on your face. However, they can be damaging to the skin because their ingredients can cause micro-tears or irritation.

Avoid products that contain hard lumps that do not dissolve.

Scrubs made with salt or sugar dissolve easily and are gentle on the skin. However, they should be used with caution and not more than once a week. They are generally not suitable for people with sensitive or dry skin. Instead of purchasing commercial facial scrubs, a person may want to make one at home, such as a sugar or oatmeal scrub. Again, you should only apply these to your face once a week.

chemical exfoliants


AHAs work by dissolving the top layer of skin to reveal new cells under the skin. Use AHAs to make pores appear smaller or to reduce the appearance of fine lines.
Glycolic acid is the most common AHA.


BHAs penetrate the pores to unclog them and are best suited for oily and combination skin. Salicylic acid is the most common BHA used by healthcare professionals to treat acne.

6. Retinol

Retinol is a form of vitamin A that people use for skin care. It is a powerful chemical exfoliant that a person can apply to treat acne. Retinol can cause inflammation, so people with eczema, psoriasis, or rosacea may want to avoid using it.

What to avoid

Below is a list of what to avoid when exfoliating and tips to avoid damaging your skin.

Be careful if you use products that already contain benzoyl peroxide or retinol. Exfoliation in addition to the use of these products can cause skin problems.

Avoid buying products that manufacturers have designed for use on other parts of the body, as they are too harsh for delicate facial skin. Choose a product designed specifically for the face.

Avoid exfoliating skin that is damaged, sunburned, or has an existing skin condition. Testing a scrub on a small area of ​​skin can help detect irritation.

Moisturize your skin after exfoliating and use a high factor sunscreen to protect it. Any peeling increases sensitivity to ultraviolet (UV) rays.

Exfoliate your skin before shaving or using other hair removal methods. This helps prevent dead skin cells from clogging the pores that could open up further during shaving.

Avoid exfoliating the morning of a big event, or even the night before. Removing dead skin from the face may cause some redness or irritation.

type of skin

It is important to understand a person’s skin type to find the best way to remove and exfoliate dead skin from the face.

The main skin types are:


A person can determine their skin type at home by washing their face with water and then gently drying it. After an hour, a handkerchief should be applied to the chin, nose, forehead and cheeks in turn. By looking for traces of sebum on the fabric, you can determine your skin type:

Normal skin: No sebum in the tissue and no signs of dryness.
Dry skin: There is no oil on the fabric, the skin is tight or looks flaky.
Oily skin: The tissue is oily and the skin looks shiny.
Combination skin: The cheeks are normal or dry; the oil is present in the tissues of the nose, forehead or chin.
Sensitive Skin: Skin is itchy and red or dry.


There are a variety of scrubs available, and there are many easy recipes for making a scrub at home. Use exfoliants with caution, as they can damage sensitive skin.
Excessive use of exfoliants or using products that are too strong can irritate even non-sensitive skin. A gentle exfoliation once a week, with the right kind of scrub for your skin type, can help to brighten your complexion. It can also help treat or prevent breakouts.

* HealthKey strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO EVENT can the information provided replace the opinion of a health professional.

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